The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Manufacturing Production Index increased to -2 in August 2019 from a seven-month low of -6 in the previous month and above market expectations of -10. Still, the latest reading pointed to a decline in activity, driven by declines at both durable and nondurable plants, but especially from decreases in primary metal, electrical equipment, appliances, paper, printing, and chemical manufacturing. Most indexes decreased in August, and the shipments and supplier delivery time indexes also turned negative. On the other hand, the future composite index edged higher to 11 from 9, as expectations for shipments, order backlog, employment, and new orders for exports grew slightly despite concerns about trade tensions. Kansas Fed Manufacturing Index in the United States averaged 8.07 Index Points from 2001 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 37 Index Points in March of 2017 and a record low of -32 Index Points in November of 2008.