The ISM Manufacturing PMI in the US fell to 52.8 in April 2019 from 55.3 in March, below market expectations of 55. The latest reading pointed to the weakest growth in factory activity since October 2016, amid a slower increases in new orders, production and employment. Business Confidence in the United States is reported by Institute for Supply Management.

Business Confidence in the United States is expected to be 55.00 Index Points by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Business Confidence in the United States to stand at 51.00 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is projected to trend around 50.00 Index Points in 2020, according to our econometric models.

United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-02-01 03:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 56.6 54.3 54.2 52
2019-03-01 03:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 54.2 56.6 55.5 55
2019-04-01 02:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 55.3 54.2 54.5 53
2019-05-01 02:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 52.8 55.3 55 54.7
2019-06-03 02:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 52.8 53.6
2019-07-01 02:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 55
2019-08-01 02:00 PM ISM Manufacturing PMI 54



US Factory Activity Growth at 2-1/2-Year Low: ISM

The ISM Manufacturing PMI in the US fell to 52.8 in April 2019 from 55.3 in March, below market expectations of 55. The latest reading pointed to the weakest growth in factory activity since October 2016, amid slower increases in new orders, production and employment.

A slowdown was seen in new orders (51.7 from 57.4 in March), production (52.3 from 55.8) and employment (52.4 from 57.5). Also, new export orders fell into contraction territory (49.5 from 51.7) and prices eased (50 from 54.3). Meanwhile, inventories (52.9 from 51.8), backlogs of orders (53.9 from 50.4), and supplier deliveries (54.6 from 54.2) rose at a faster pace. 

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 13 reported growth in April, in the following order: Textile Mills; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Printing & Related Support Activities; Chemical Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Machinery; Furniture & Related Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Paper Products; and Fabricated Metal Products. The five industries reporting contraction in April are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Primary Metals; Wood Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; and Transportation Equipment.


ISM | Stefanie Moya | stefanie.moya@tradingeconomics.com
5/1/2019 2:17:20 PM



United States Business Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Business Confidence 52.80 55.30 77.50 29.40 Index Points [+]
Manufacturing PMI 52.60 52.40 57.90 50.70 [+]
Services PMI 53.00 55.30 61.00 49.30 Index Points [+]
Non Manufacturing PMI 55.50 56.10 62.00 37.80 [+]
Composite Pmi 53.00 54.60 61.00 50.00 Index Points [+]
Industrial Production 0.90 2.30 62.00 -33.70 percent [+]
Industrial Production Mom -0.50 0.20 16.60 -10.40 percent [+]
Manufacturing Production -0.20 0.70 67.90 -39.40 percent [+]
Capacity Utilization 77.93 78.46 89.39 66.69 percent [+]
Durable Goods Orders 2.70 -1.10 23.50 -19.00 percent [+]
Durable Goods Orders Ex Defense 2.30 -1.70 26.00 -19.70 percent [+]
Durable Goods Orders Ex Transportation 0.40 -0.20 7.50 -6.80 percent [+]
Factory Orders Ex Transportation 0.80 0.30 4.60 -7.20 percent [+]
New Orders 508192.00 497474.00 565232.00 223500.00 USD Million [+]
Factory Orders 1.90 -0.30 10.60 -10.00 percent [+]
Business Inventories 0.00 0.30 1.30 -2.00 percent [+]
Changes in Inventories 128.39 96.80 166.37 -245.13 USD Billion [+]
Wholesale Inventories -0.10 0.40 2.10 -2.00 percent [+]
Bankruptcies 22157.00 22232.00 82446.00 19695.00 Companies [+]
Corporate Profits 2076.20 2076.82 2076.82 14.70 USD Billion [+]
NFIB Business Optimism Index 103.50 101.80 108.80 80.10 Index Points [+]
Ism New York Index 77.30 66.90 88.80 23.40 percent [+]
Philadelphia Fed Manufacturing Index 16.60 8.50 58.50 -57.90 Index Points [+]
NY Empire State Manufacturing Index 17.80 10.10 39.00 -34.40 Index Points [+]
Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index 3.00 10.00 29.00 -44.00 Index Points [+]
Chicago Fed National Activity Index -0.15 -0.31 2.78 -5.27 [+]
Dallas Fed Manufacturing Index 2.00 6.90 47.60 -59.90 Index Points [+]
Chicago Pmi 52.60 58.70 78.60 21.20 Index Points [+]
Car Production 2.42 2.46 9.92 1.29 Million Units [+]
Car Registrations 377.46 389.93 1149.00 331.50 Thousand [+]
Total Vehicle Sales 16.40 17.45 21.77 9.05 Million [+]
Crude Oil Stocks Change 5.43 -3.96 14.42 -15.22 BBL/1Million [+]
Natural Gas Stocks Change 106.00 85.00 147.00 -359.00 Billion cf [+]
Gasoline Stocks Change -1123.00 -596.00 11456.00 -8428.00 Thousand Barrels [+]
Leading Economic Index 125.78 125.56 125.78 46.91 Index Points [+]
Internet Speed 18747.58 17235.62 18747.58 3609.31 KBps [+]
IP Addresses 128949703.00 127873899.00 146874246.00 89399946.00 IP [+]
API Crude Oil Stock Change 8.60 2.81 14.30 -12.40 BBL/1Million [+]
Crude Oil Rigs 802.00 805.00 1609.00 98.00 [+]
Corruption Index 71.00 75.00 78.00 71.00 Points [+]
Corruption Rank 22.00 16.00 24.00 14.00 [+]
Competitiveness Index 85.64 84.84 85.64 5.42 Points [+]
Competitiveness Rank 1.00 1.00 7.00 1.00 [+]
Ease of Doing Business 8.00 6.00 8.00 4.00 [+]
Steel Production 7752.00 6896.00 11951.00 3799.00 Thousand Tonnes [+]
Mining Production 10.40 9.80 108.20 -28.80 percent [+]


United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)

The Manufacturing ISM Report On Business® is based on data compiled from purchasing and supply executives nationwide. Survey responses reflect the change, if any, in the current month compared to the previous month. For each of the indicators measured (New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Imports, Production, Supplier Deliveries, Inventories, Customers' Inventories, Employment and Prices), the report shows the percentage reporting each response, the net difference between the number of responses in the positive economic direction and the negative economic direction, and the diffusion index. A PMI™ reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States ISM Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2019.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
52.80 55.30 77.50 29.40 1948 - 2019 Index Points Monthly




Country Last Previous
Australia 0.00 Apr/19
Brazil 58.40 Apr/19
Canada 55.90 Apr/19
China 50.10 Apr/19
Euro Area 0.42 Apr/19
France 101.00 Apr/19
Germany 99.20 Apr/19
India 113.50 Jun/19
Indonesia 102.10 Mar/19
Italy 100.60 Apr/19
Japan 12.00 Mar/19
Mexico 53.00 Apr/19
Netherlands 6.70 Apr/19
Russia -2.00 Apr/19
Saudi Arabia 3.00 Jun/16
Singapore 1.00 Mar/19
South Africa 28.00 Mar/19
South Korea 75.00 Apr/19
Spain -3.80 Apr/19
Switzerland 96.20 Apr/19
Turkey 105.50 Apr/19
United Kingdom -13.00 Jun/19
United States 52.80 Apr/19


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