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Male 4th grade students reaching the intermediate international benchmark in reading achievement (%) is the share of male 4th grade students scoring at least 475 on the reading assessment. When reading Literary Texts, students at the intermediate benchmarking level can A) Retrieve and reproduce explicitly stated actions, events, and feelings, B) Make straightforward inferences about the attributes, feelings, and motivations of main characters, C) Interpret obvious reasons and causes and give simple explanations, and D) Begin to recognize language features and style. When reading Informational Texts, students at the informational level can A) Locate and reproduce two or three pieces of information from within the text, and B) Use subheadings, text boxes, and illustrations to locate parts of the text. The procedure for identifying International Benchmarks changed from the PIRLS 2001 method of using percentiles to a method based on scores that do not change from PIRLS cycle to cycle. In PIRLS 2001, the Intermediate Benchmark was called the "Median Benchmark" (50th percentile score or median), which corresponded to a scale score of 510. The 2001 data in this database were recalculated based on a 475 Intermediate Benchmark score and are different than the data found in the 2001 PIRLS report. Data reflects country performance in the stated year, but may not be comparable across years or countries. Consult the PIRLS website for more detailed information: http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/