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Male 4th grade students reaching the high international benchmark in reading achievement (%) is the share of male 4th grade students scoring at least 550 on the reading assessment. When reading Literary Texts, students at the high benchmarking level can A) Locate and distinguish significant actions and details embedded across the text, B) Make inferences to explain relationships between intentions, actions, events, and feelings, and give text-based support, C) Interpret and integrate story events and character actions and traits from different parts of the text, D) Evaluate the significance of events and actions across the entire story, and E) Recognize the use of some language features (e.g., metaphor, tone, imagery). When reading Informational Texts, students at this benchmarking level can: A) Locate and distinguish relevant information within a dense text or a complex table, B) Make inferences about logical connections to provide explanations and reasons, C) Integrate textual and visual information to interpret the relationship between ideas, and D) Evaluate content and textual elements to make a generalization. The procedure for identifying International Benchmarks changed from the PIRLS 2001 method of using percentiles to a method based on scores that do not change from PIRLS cycle to cycle. In PIRLS 2001, the High Benchmark was called the "Upper Quarter Benchmark" or 75th percentile score, which corresponded to a scale score of 570. The 2001 data in this database were recalculated based on a 550 High Benchmark score and are different than the data found in the 2001 PIRLS report. Data reflects country performance in the stated year, but may not be comparable across years or countries. Consult the PIRLS website for more detailed information: http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/