Since July 1, 2013, with the addition of Croatia, the EU has 28 Member States. Among them, the biggest economies are Germany (21 percent of total GDP); the United Kingdom (15 percent); France (15 percent); Italy (11 percent); and Spain (8 percent). On the expenditure side, household consumption is the main component of GDP and accounts for 56 percent of its total use, followed by gross fixed capital formation (20 percent) and government expenditure (20 percent). Exports of goods and services account for 46 percent of GDP while imports account for 42 percent, adding 4 percent of total GDP. This page provides the latest reported value for - European Union GDP Growth Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. European Union GDP Growth Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2019.