12th pillar: Innovation in Egypt was reported at 2.84 in 2011, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Egypt - 12th pillar: Innovation - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the World Bank on August of 2020.

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 egypt 12th pillar innovation wb data

This indicator is a derived from the following indicators: (a) Capacity for innovation (b) Quality of scientific research institutions (c) Company spending on R&D (d) University-industry collaboration in R&D (e) Gov’t procurement of advanced tech product (f) Availability of scientist and engineers and (g) Utility patents per million population.

Egypt | World Bank Development Indicators