Participation and Human Rights

Participation: Within this sub-category the Ibrahim Index measures: (i) Political Participation – extent to which citizens have relevant information and the freedom to participate in the political process. (ii) Effective Power to Govern – extent to which democratically elected leaders have the effective power to govern, or the extent of veto powers and political enclaves. (iii) Free and Fair Elections – extent to which leaders are determined by free and fair elections. (iv) Electoral Self-determination – right of citizens to freely decide their political system and leadership. (v) Free and Fair Executive Elections – integrity of executive elections.