The unemployment rate in Canada fell to 5.7 percent in April 2019 from 5.8 percent in the previous month and slightly below market expectations of 5.8 percent. The economy added 426 thousand jobs, driven by both full-time positions (+248 thousand) and part-time employment (-179 thousand). Unemployment Rate in Canada averaged 7.63 percent from 1966 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 13.10 percent in December of 1982 and a record low of 2.90 percent in June of 1966.

Unemployment Rate in Canada is expected to be 5.80 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Unemployment Rate in Canada to stand at 6.00 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Canada Unemployment Rate is projected to trend around 5.60 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.

Canada Unemployment Rate
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-02-08 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.8% 5.6% 5.7% 5.7%
2019-03-08 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.8% 5.8% 5.8% 5.80%
2019-04-05 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.8% 5.8% 5.8% 5.8%
2019-05-10 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.7% 5.8% 5.8% 5.8%
2019-06-07 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.7% 5.90%
2019-07-05 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.90%
2019-08-09 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 5.70%



Canada Jobless Rate Falls to 5.7%

The unemployment rate in Canada fell to 5.7 percent in April 2019 from 5.8 percent in the previous month and slightly below market expectations of 5.8 percent. The economy added 106.5 thousand jobs, the largest rise in employment on record, driven by both full-time positions (+73 thousand) and part-time employment (+33.6 thousand).

Employment rose in Ontario (+47,000), Quebec (+38,000), Alberta (+21,000), and Prince Edward Island (+2,600), while it fell in New Brunswick (-3,900), and was little changed in the other provinces.

More people were employed in wholesale and retail trade (+32,000); construction (+29,000); information, culture and recreation (14,000); other services (+14,000); public administration (+9,000); agriculture (+7,000). On the other hand, employment declined in professional, scientific and technical services (-15,000), its first monthly decline since August 2018.

The number of employees in both the private and public sectors increased, while self-employment held steady.

In April, more people aged 15 to 24 were employed (+47,000), boosted by a strong increase in part-time work (+66,000). The youth unemployment rate was 10.3%, the lowest rate since comparable data became available in 1976. Also, employment went up  among those aged 55 and older (+34,000), due to gains for men (+26,000). Additionally, in the core working ages (25 to 54) employment increased by 24,000 in April for women, while it was little changed for male.

The labour force participation rate rose to 65.9 percent from 65.7 percent in the prior month, above market forecasts of 65.7 percent.


Statistics Canada | Stefanie Moya | stefanie.moya@tradingeconomics.com
5/10/2019 12:51:52 PM



Canada Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 5.70 5.80 13.10 2.90 percent [+]
Employed Persons 19029.10 18922.60 19029.10 9636.70 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 1158.70 1157.20 1748.90 691.50 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 33.60 -0.90 136.30 -124.40 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 73.00 -6.40 148.40 -145.10 Thousand [+]
Employment Change 106.50 -7.20 106.50 -124.80 Thousand [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 65.90 65.70 67.70 61.40 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 10.30 10.70 20.70 10.30 percent [+]
Productivity 106.22 106.63 106.63 67.27 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 107.34 106.12 107.34 43.75 Index Points [+]
Wages 25.72 25.38 25.72 13.73 CAD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 25.95 25.41 26.37 14.96 CAD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 14.00 14.00 14.00 1.00 CAD/Hour [+]
Population 37.31 36.96 37.31 17.91 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 65.00 65.00 65.00 65.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 65.00 65.00 65.00 65.00 [+]
Wage Growth 1.10 1.90 5.50 -0.40 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 16873.90 16842.20 16873.90 10863.80 Thousand [+]
Job Vacancies 547770.00 551170.00 551170.00 329710.00 [+]
Living Wage Family 2580.00 2640.00 2640.00 2440.00 CAD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1930.00 1960.00 1960.00 1790.00 CAD/Month [+]
Adp Employment Change 61.70 13.20 74.00 -21.20 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 28.37 28.25 28.37 15.88 CAD [+]
Employment Rate 62.10 61.90 63.70 56.00 percent [+]


Canada Unemployment Rate

In Canada, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides - Canada Unemployment Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Canada Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2019.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
5.70 5.80 13.10 2.90 1966 - 2019 percent Monthly




Country Last Previous
South Africa 27.60 Mar/19
Spain 14.70 Mar/19
Turkey 14.70 Feb/19
Brazil 12.70 Mar/19
Italy 10.20 Mar/19
Argentina 9.10 Dec/18
France 8.70 Mar/19
Euro Area 7.70 Mar/19
Saudi Arabia 6.00 Dec/18
Canada 5.70 Apr/19
Australia 5.20 Apr/19
Indonesia 5.01 Mar/19
Russia 4.70 Apr/19
South Korea 4.10 Apr/19
United Kingdom 3.80 Mar/19
China 3.67 Mar/19
United States 3.60 Apr/19
India 3.53 Dec/18
Netherlands 3.30 Apr/19
Germany 3.20 Mar/19
Mexico 3.20 Mar/19
Japan 2.50 Mar/19
Switzerland 2.40 Apr/19
Singapore 2.20 Mar/19


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