Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices.
The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds.
Persons employed for the first time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils in lower secondary school, excluding educational personnel who have no active teaching duties. Country-specific definition, method and targets are determined by countries themselves.