In the first half of the year, GDP growth was larger, that is, +0.5% in the first quarter and +0.3% in the second quarter. In a quarter-on-quarter comparison (price, seasonally and calendar-adjusted), positive contributions were made by foreign demand. According to provisional calculations, the increase in exports of goods and services was slightly larger than that of imports. However, domestic contributions were contrasting.
Consumption by both private households and government was higher than in the second quarter when adjusted for price, seasonal and calendar variations. Capital formation in construction was up, too. This roughly compensated for the decrease in capital formation in machinery and equipment observed again and for the decline in inventories.
In a year-on-year comparison, too, economic growth slowed down since the beginning of the year. In the third quarter of 2012, the price-adjusted GDP grew 0.4% on a year earlier. The relatively small increase is due, among other things, to a calendar effect, as was the case in the second quarter. As the reference quarter had one working day less than the same quarter of the previous year, there was a negative effect on GDP growth. Consequently, the GDP increase was larger in calendar-adjusted terms (+0.9%).
According to first provisional calculations, the economic performance in the third quarter of 2012 was achieved by about 41.7 million persons in employment in the domestic territory, which was an increase of 360,000 people or 0.9% on a year earlier.