Year-on-year, upward price pressures came from tobacco (+3.5 percent), other services (+2.2 percent), fresh food (+1.5 percent) actual rentals and services for dwellings (+1.4 percent) and clothing and footwear (+0.3 percent). In contrast, lower costs were seen for petroleum products (-3.6 percent), medical products (-2.9 percent), food excluding fresh products (-0.4 percent), other manufactured products (-0.6 percent) and transport (-0.5 percent).
On a monthly basis, the consumer price index was flat in October, following a 0.4 percent decline in September. The highest price increase came from fresh food (+3.6 percent), actual rents (+0.7 percent), medical services (+0.5 percent) and transport and communication services (+0.4 percent).
In October, annual core inflation was recorded at 0.0 percent, the same as in the previous month.
The harmonized index of consumer prices was unchanged month-on-month and edged up to 0.5 percent year-on-year.