In May, cost rose at a faster pace for: alcoholic beverages and tobacco (20.5 percent from 20 percent in April); furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance (2.9 percent from 2.8 percent); transport (6.2 percent from 4.9 percent); and restaurant and miscellaneous goods and services (3.7 percent from 3.4 percent). Meanwhile, inflation was steady for: clothing and footwear (2.2 percent); housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels (3 percent); health (2.8 percent); recreation and culture (1.5 percent); communication (0.3 percent); and education (1.8 percent).
Prices of heavily-weighted food and non-alcoholic beverages increased by 5.7 percent, compared to a 5.9 percent in the preceding month.
On a monthly basis, consumer prices were flat, following a 0.5 percent rise in April. Prices increased for: alcoholic beverages & tobacco (0.8 percent); clothing and footwear (0.2 percent); furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house (0.2 percent); health (0.1 percent); transport (1 percent); recreation and culture (0.1 percent); and restaurants and miscellaneous goods and services (0.4 percent). At the same time, cost was flat for communication and education, while fell for food (-0.1 percent); and housing, water, electricity, gas, and other fuels (-0.2 percent).
In March 2018, Philippine Statistics Authority decided to rebase CPI series to 2012 from 2006 in order to accommodate the economic changes in the country.
For 2018, the central bank set an inflation target range of between 2 to 4 percent.