The decline was driven by the energy index, which fell 19.4 percent over the last 12 months, with all the major components declining except electricity. The food index rose 2.0 percent over the last year, and the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent.
On a monthly basis, consumer prices increased 0.1 percent in April, down from 0.2 percent in March. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent and led to the slight increase in the seasonally adjusted all items index. The index for shelter rose, as did the indexes for medical care, household furnishings and operations, used cars and trucks, and new vehicles. In contrast, the indexes for apparel and airline fares declined in April. The energy index declined in April, while the food index was unchanged. The indexes for gasoline, natural gas, and fuel oil all declined, while the electricity index was unchanged. The food at home index declined for the second month in a row, offsetting an increase in the index for food away from home. Major grocery store food group indexes were mixed.