Prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages rose above average again (+3.2 percent) from the same month a year earlier (including food: +3.8 percent). Prices were considerably up for edible fats and oils (+11.2 percent; including butter: +22.0 percent) and for dairy products and eggs (+9.1 percent; including curd: +17.7 percent; UHT milk: +14.0 percent; eggs: +7.2 percent). Consumers had to pay markedly more than a year earlier also for vegetables (+5.0 percent) and fruit (+4.2 percent). Prices were down on the same month of the previous year especially for coffee, tea and cocoa (–4.8 percent; including unground coffee: –7.2 percent).
For energy products, a slight upward price trend on December 2012 emerged towards the end of the year. The price of energy as a whole rose by 1.1 percent compared with December 2012. However, different price developments were observed for the individual energy products (for example, electricity: +11.3 percent; but heating oil: –5.5 percent; motor fuels: –2.7 percent). Energy prices as a whole thus had only a small effect on the inflation rate in December 2013. Not considering the development of energy prices, the rate of price increase in December 2013 (+1.5 percent) was just slightly higher than the overall inflation rate.
Noticeable year-on-year developments in December 2013 were those for games of chance (+21.3 percent) and out-patient health services (–12.3 percent). In addition, there were marked price rises on December 2012, among other things, for newspapers and periodicals (+4.7 percent), tobacco products (+4.5 percent) and hairdresser services (+4.2 percent). Prices in December 2013 decreased from December 2012, for example, for consumer electronics (–5.1 percent) and information processing equipment (–7.9 percent).
The harmonized inflation for December was confirmed at +0.5 percent month-on-month and +1.2 percent year-on-year.